The Underscore is a long-form dance improvisation structure developed by Nancy Stark Smith. It has been evolving since 1990 and is practiced all over the globe.
The Underscore is a vehicle for incorporating Contact Improvisation into a broader arena of improvisational dance practice; for developing greater ease dancing in spherical space—alone and with others; and for integrating kinesthetic and compositional concerns while improvising. It allows for a full spectrum of energetic and physical expressions, embodying a range of forms and changing states. Its practice is familiar yet unpredictable.
The practice—usually 3 to 4 hours in length—progresses through a broad range of dynamic states, including long periods of very small, private, and quiet internal activity and other times of higher energy and interactive dancing.
NSS and dancers in an Underscore
in Cappadocia, Turkey, 2010
photo © Sophie Gillman
Underscore in Cappadocia, Turkey, 2010
photo © Sophie Gillman
There are 20+ phases of the score—each with a name and a graphic symbol—which create a general map for the dancers. Within that frame, dancers are free to create their own movements, dynamics, and relationships—with themselves, each other, the group, the music, and the environment.
The phase called Assembly (previously named “Pow-Wow” in my book, Caught Falling) is a focused gathering of the Underscore players—a coming together to meet, check in, sow seeds for practice in the early part of the score.
To participate in an Underscore, one should have some experience of Contact Improvisation and attend a talk-through of the Underscore, which often takes about an hour. The Underscore is generally not led with verbal cues; the idea is that people “know” it already and are coming together to share the practice. Participants come on time and stay for the duration of the event.
The GLOBAL UNDERSCORE (GUS) is an annual event in which the Underscore is practiced simultaneously for a 4 hour period by people all over the world near the summer solstice (northern hemisphere). There have been 50-70+ sites participating in GUS in recent years. Claire Filmon proposed the event to Nancy in 2000 from a desire to connect dancers all around the planet to dance and to compose together in the moment. Claire organized it until 2010 – with the help of Laura Blackburn, Aline Leclerc, and Anne-Claire Lafait, in various years. Jesse Johnson, Brandin Steffensen, Rebecca Bone, Mark Messer, and Dey Summer all played a role organizing GUS in 2011 and 2012. Brandin Steffensen and Nancy Hughes coordinated GUS 2013-2016, also with Lucy Mahler in 2013-2014. Nancy Hughes and Patrick Crowley have coordinated GUS since 2017 with Brandin as an advisor. For the most recent news on the Global Underscore, go to: www.globalunderscore.com
For more information, read the Underscore chapter in Nancy’s book: Caught Falling: The Confluence of Contact Improvisation, Nancy Stark Smith, and Other Moving Ideas, available through Contact Quarterly.
photo © Anne Sorenson
We look forward to posting translations and other writings about the Underscore on this page. Please send yours!